Daco-Roman Continuity Theory: How mythical history writing affected Romanian national awakening. (13 pages)

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Christoffer Andersen
Nations and Nationalism
Final Paper, Fall 2004

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Nations and Nationalism

Daco-Roman Continuity Theory:

How mythical history writing affected

Romanian national awakening.

Final Paper

Fall 2004

Christoffer Andersen

Mythical History Writing

All origins become mysterious if we search enough into the past. And
almost all peoples, when we look at their earliest origins, turn out to have
come from somewhere else […] we should never forget that all ancestries
are mixed…

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The Daco-Roman continuity theory evolves around the origins of the Romanians. This has

been of great importance for the Romanian national awakening and as a tool for Ceausescu

to keep a united Romanian people. It has also clashed with Hungarian origin myths.

Therefore, it has been used as a tool to justify Romanians belonging in Transylvania, and

further, why Transylvania should be a part of Romania. However, it is not significant for

Romanians to believe in a national mythical history of origin. Many nations do so, and there

is nothing wrong in doing so. Nevertheless, Transylvania is an unique case: “both

Romanians and Hungarians consider the region a ‘cradle’ essential to their whole image of

national identity and the historiography of both countries was dedicated in modern and

contemporary times primarily to the task of proving the legitimacy of claims to Transylvania

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Malcolm, Noel (1998) Kosovo, a short story. London: MacMillan, p. 22.

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