open government - Freddy Mariñez Navarro (38 pages)
to be addressed are: the conceptual relationship between government transparency and citizen
, the nature and effects of the mechanisms of fiscal transparency
, the effect of
transparency on trust government, the effect of institutional transparency in parliamentary
, and the empirical relationship between government transparency and citizen
participation. These issues lead government transparency the perpetrator to ask: Is the
transparency is created by outside pressures (citizens, stakeholders, media) or by internal
government systems?, What are the sectors they have become more transparent?; transparency
How citizens use, stakeholders and the media? Does it change the transparency behavior of
public officials and public organizations?
Many authors and Piotrowski (2007) have argued that such transparency is essential for Open
Government. On the other hand, Sharon S. Dawes (2010) argues that public policies related to
the flow of information is one of the most important aspects of democracy as it reflects a kind of
societal choice which estimate how the information should be produced, processed, stored,
exchanged and regulated. Understood in this way, transparency is fast becoming an important
agenda in both public and private organizations. Transparency could be defined as the
availability of information for the general public and clarity about the rules, regulations and
decisions of the government. That is, to raise it more accurately, then the transparency refers to
the availability and increased flow of timely, clear, relevant, high quality and reliable regarding
the activities of the government organization that of course impacts the same governance .
But these premises of government transparency, Karr (2008, cited by Sharon S. Dawes, 2010),
synthesizes three types of stresses associated with public use of government information. The
first is the tension that arises between the amplitude of the data and its understanding by citizens
unprepared technically, the second tension is between the desire to support the utility of detailed
data and simultaneously protect the confidentiality of the subjects of the same, and the third and
Much of the discussion about government transparency focuses on the relationship between the availability of
information (Government transparency) and the use of this information by citizens and stakeholders (participation).
Government Transparency and participation are two building blocks of Open Government (Meijer, 2012:5).
“David Heald, University of Aberdeen Business School argues that the specific meaning of fiscal transparency can
be defined in four terms: inward, outward, upward and downward. The article shows that there are intrinsic barriers
for transparency about public expenditure such as the technical complexities and the "language" of measurement but
also constructed barriers that are created to protect specific interests. He concludes that transparency about public
expenditure cannot provide answers to ideology question but it can improve the evidence base for public debate”
While transparency refers to the availability of information to the general public, interinstitutional transparency is
about the transparency between government institutions (Meijer, 2012:6).