open government - Freddy Mariñez Navarro (38 pages)

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to be addressed are: the conceptual relationship between government transparency and citizen



, the nature and effects of the mechanisms of fiscal transparency


, the effect of

transparency on trust government, the effect of institutional transparency in parliamentary



, and the empirical relationship between government transparency and citizen

participation. These issues lead government transparency the perpetrator to ask: Is the

transparency is created by outside pressures (citizens, stakeholders, media) or by internal

government systems?, What are the sectors they have become more transparent?; transparency

How citizens use, stakeholders and the media? Does it change the transparency behavior of

public officials and public organizations?

Many authors and Piotrowski (2007) have argued that such transparency is essential for Open

Government. On the other hand, Sharon S. Dawes (2010) argues that public policies related to

the flow of information is one of the most important aspects of democracy as it reflects a kind of

societal choice which estimate how the information should be produced, processed, stored,

exchanged and regulated. Understood in this way, transparency is fast becoming an important

agenda in both public and private organizations. Transparency could be defined as the

availability of information for the general public and clarity about the rules, regulations and

decisions of the government. That is, to raise it more accurately, then the transparency refers to

the availability and increased flow of timely, clear, relevant, high quality and reliable regarding

the activities of the government organization that of course impacts the same governance .

But these premises of government transparency, Karr (2008, cited by Sharon S. Dawes, 2010),

synthesizes three types of stresses associated with public use of government information. The

first is the tension that arises between the amplitude of the data and its understanding by citizens

unprepared technically, the second tension is between the desire to support the utility of detailed

data and simultaneously protect the confidentiality of the subjects of the same, and the third and


Much of the discussion about government transparency focuses on the relationship between the availability of

information (Government transparency) and the use of this information by citizens and stakeholders (participation).
Government Transparency and participation are two building blocks of Open Government (Meijer, 2012:5).


“David Heald, University of Aberdeen Business School argues that the specific meaning of fiscal transparency can

be defined in four terms: inward, outward, upward and downward. The article shows that there are intrinsic barriers
for transparency about public expenditure such as the technical complexities and the "language" of measurement but
also constructed barriers that are created to protect specific interests. He concludes that transparency about public
expenditure cannot provide answers to ideology question but it can improve the evidence base for public debate”
(Meijer, 2012:6).


While transparency refers to the availability of information to the general public, interinstitutional transparency is

about the transparency between government institutions (Meijer, 2012:6).

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