open government - Freddy Mariñez Navarro (38 pages)

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15

g. Data Formats Must Be Non-Proprietary

Data are available in a format over which no entity has exclusive control.

h. Data Must Be License-free

Data are not subject to any copyright, patent, trademark or trade secret regulation.

Reasonable privacy, security and privilege restrictions may be allowed as

governed by other statutes.

(

http://www.opengovdata.org/home/8principles

).

The concept of accountability in the public sector should therefore be used to report the use of

resources by the government, and the performance of services. This transparency is a key

element as it is a tool and it is observed the process of public decision making. While

participation refers to the opportunity to participate in that process. Or as I say Curtin and

Mendes (cited by Albert J. Meijer, Maarten Deirdre Curtin and Hillebrandt, 2012), "Citizens

need information to see what is going on inside government and participation to voice their

opinions about this. The crucial question for vision is: what is being made visible?"(2012: 11).

In this way, citizens not only have access to information, but participants become active

expression. Thus, the choice of users and their views on public services are central to the

government's legitimacy.

Recently there has been a strong emphasis on public policy in listening to citizens and users of

services through choice and voice. PASC, 2005 (cited in Richard Simmons, Allan Johnston

Birchall and Prout, 2011) "

defines choice as

‘giving individuals the opportunity to choose from

among alternative suppliers, whether or not entirely within the public sector’. Voice is defined as

‘giving users a more effective say in the direction of services, by means of representative bodies,

complaints mechanisms and surveys of individual preferences and views’"(2011: 4). In this

perspective, then, the transparency is being discussed today as a solution to problems of

legitimacy instrumental and institutional trust (Seok-Eun Kim, 2005). This would not be possible

without the collaborative participation among governmental and non-governmental

organizations, citizens and civic organizations.

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