open government - Freddy Mariñez Navarro (38 pages)

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the quality of democracy through citizen participation: increased subject knowledge, civic skills,

public engagement and decision support among participants. Assuming this way, we see a key

phenomenon that shapes and systematization to participation. We refer to the multiple objectives

that it has and would be based on the role given to the citizens, and depending on what you get

rulers (Font, Brugué and Goma, 2006).

Table 4

The multiple objectives of citizen participation

Depending on the role given to citizens

Depending on what obtained rulers

- Right to be informed

- The right to be consulted

- The right to take part indecisions

-The availability of collaborators

-The political legitimacy

- The improvement of decisions

- The strengthening of social capital

Source: Font, Brugué y Gomà, 2006

As for the role given to citizens is important to see the different mechanisms of participation:

tools that claim to offer information to a passive citizen; mechanisms that want to give voice to

citizens and their associations, if only to know what they think, and the instrument that allows

citizens to transfer power, and therefore the ability to make decisions to civil society. As for what

they get rulers, it is important to indicate that the participation, they manage to have

collaborators, political legitimacy, to improve decision making and strengthening social capital.

Another element that incorporates the vision of collaborative participation is public value. Public

value refers to the value created by government through services, laws, regulations and other

actions. In a democracy, these values are ultimately defined by the user public. The values

determined by citizen preferences expressed through a variety of means and reflected by the

decisions of elected politicians (and Muers Kelly, 2002).

Thus, this concept assumes that people have the ability and freedom to express their preferences

regarding the activities and results of the public administration. It also assumes that the

government have the will and the capacity to accommodate objectives to citizen preferences, and

more than that, assuming that the required deliver public value, people will be willing to pay for

it with money, with the vote, or volunteering their time to work with the government. This is a

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