open government - Freddy Mariñez Navarro (38 pages)
First, the increasing scope of activities which cuts across a sector, changing views on the role of
government and creating interdependence between orders of government as well as public-
private interdependence, focusing on results;
Second, new management skills that makes the changes described above locate new demands on
governmental officials, and;
Third, the international expression of these changes have coincided with the development of
what has been called the New Public Management and democratic governance. But what are the
instruments of intergovernmental relations?
Given the complexity of the bonds generated between intergovernmental actors and performance
criteria of the Open Government could identify four such instruments of government (Beryl A.
1. - Structural instruments. These have to do with formal roles and relationships, authority and
leadership models, rules, regulations and policies of formal roles mechanisms for integration and
differentiation. Aspects such as the design and redesign of organizations that impact forms of
authority and leadership classics performed by long time other committees structural instrument
are shown on the horizontal level of centralized power to change the decentralized instrument
also have coordination and efficiency, this means making it easier to manage both the vertical
and horizontal intergovernmental relations.
One important tool is deregulation also expressed in rules, policies and regulations to control and
intergovernmental relations that serve to enhance accountability (accountability). Another
important tool is the devolution of power (devolution) and decentralization. That is, the
delegation of power from the national government to the states and the municipalities of these.
2. - Instruments program. This category of instruments relates to the application of resources and
the redesign of programs and types of transfers from the central or federal government to states
and municipalities. In many cases these have emerged as a result of lobbying by states and
municipalities. This has led to major changes in the purpose of the transfers. Another instrument
is the partnership program (partnership) on priorities and incentives enter the different levels of